java - सरणी का उपयोग कर मैट्रिक्स गुणा



arrays matrix (4)

मैं बहुआयामी सरणी ( [2][2] ) का उपयोग कर एक साधारण मैट्रिक्स गुणात्मक विधि बनाने की कोशिश कर रहा हूं। मैं इस पर नया हूं, और मुझे यह नहीं पता कि मैं क्या कर रहा हूं। मैं वास्तव में मुझे यह बताने में किसी भी मदद की सराहना करता हूं कि यह क्या है। मैं पुस्तकालयों या इस तरह के किसी भी चीज का उपयोग नहीं करना चाहूंगा, मैं ज्यादातर यह सीखने के लिए कर रहा हूं कि यह कैसे काम करता है। अग्रिम में बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद।

मैं मुख्य विधि में अपनी मेषों को निम्नानुसार घोषित कर रहा हूं:

Double[][] A={{4.00,3.00},{2.00,1.00}}; 
Double[][] B={{-0.500,1.500},{1.000,-2.0000}};

ए * बी पहचान मैट्रिक्स वापस करना चाहिए। यह नहीं है

public static Double[][] multiplicar(Double[][] A, Double[][] B){
//the method runs and returns a matrix of the correct dimensions
//(I actually changed the .length function to a specific value to eliminate 
//it as a possible issue), but not the correct values

    Double[][] C= new Double[2][2];
    int i,j;

    ////I fill the matrix with zeroes, if I don't do this it gives me an error
    for(i=0;i<2;i++) {
        for(j=0;j<2;j++){
            C[i][j]=0.00000;
        }
    } 
    ///this is where I'm supposed to perform the adding of every element in
    //a row of A multiplied by the corresponding element in the
    //corresponding column of B, for all columns in B and all rows in A
    for(i=0;i<2;i++){
        for(j=0;j<2;j++)
            C[i][j]+=(A[i][j]*B[j][i]);
    }
    return C;
}

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आप इस कोड को आजमा सकते हैं:

public class MyMatrix {
    Double[][] A = { { 4.00, 3.00 }, { 2.00, 1.00 } };
    Double[][] B = { { -0.500, 1.500 }, { 1.000, -2.0000 } };

    public static Double[][] multiplicar(Double[][] A, Double[][] B) {

        int aRows = A.length;
        int aColumns = A[0].length;
        int bRows = B.length;
        int bColumns = B[0].length;

        if (aColumns != bRows) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("A:Rows: " + aColumns + " did not match B:Columns " + bRows + ".");
        }

        Double[][] C = new Double[aRows][bColumns];
        for (int i = 0; i < aRows; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < bColumns; j++) {
                C[i][j] = 0.00000;
            }
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < aRows; i++) { // aRow
            for (int j = 0; j < bColumns; j++) { // bColumn
                for (int k = 0; k < aColumns; k++) { // aColumn
                    C[i][j] += A[i][k] * B[k][j];
                }
            }
        }

        return C;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        MyMatrix matrix = new MyMatrix();
        Double[][] result = multiplicar(matrix.A, matrix.B);

        for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
                System.out.print(result[i][j] + " ");
            System.out.println();
        }
    }
}

इसे इस्तेमाल करे,

public static Double[][] multiplicar(Double A[][],Double B[][]){
    Double[][] C= new Double[2][2];
    int i,j,k;
     for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
         for (j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
             C[i][j] = 0.00000;
         }
     }
    for(i=0;i<2;i++){
        for(j=0;j<2;j++){
            for (k=0;k<2;k++){
                  C[i][j]+=(A[i][k]*B[k][j]);

            }

        }
    }
    return C;
}

इसे आज़माएं, यह आपकी मदद कर सकता है

import java.util.Scanner;

public class MulTwoArray {

public static void main(String[] args) {

    int i, j, k;
    int[][] a = new int[3][3];
    int[][] b = new int[3][3];
    int[][] c = new int[3][3];



    Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);

    System.out.println("Enter size of array a");
    int rowa = sc.nextInt();
    int cola = sc.nextInt();

    System.out.println("Enter size of array b");
    int rowb = sc.nextInt();
    int colb = sc.nextInt();


    //read and b

    System.out.println("Enter elements of array a");
    for (i = 0; i < rowa; ++i) {
        for (j = 0; j < cola; ++j) {

            a[i][j] = sc.nextInt();

        }
        System.out.println();
    }
    System.out.println("Enter elements of array b");
    for (i = 0; i < rowb; ++i) {
        for (j = 0; j < colb; ++j) {

            b[i][j] = sc.nextInt();

        }
        System.out.println("\n");
    }

    //print a and b

    System.out.println("the elements of array a");
    for (i = 0; i < rowa; ++i) {
        for (j = 0; j < cola; ++j) {

            System.out.print(a[i][j]);
            System.out.print("\t");

        }
        System.out.println("\n");
    }
    System.out.println("the elements of array b");
    for (i = 0; i < rowb; ++i) {
        for (j = 0; j < colb; ++j) {

            System.out.print(b[i][j]);
            System.out.print("\t");

        }
        System.out.println("\n");

    }

    //multiply a and b

    for (i = 0; i < rowa; ++i) {

        for (j = 0; j < colb; ++j) {
            c[i][j] = 0;
            for (k = 0; k < cola; ++k) {
                c[i][j] += a[i][k] * b[k][j];
            }
        }
    }


    //print multi result

    System.out.println("result of multiplication of array a and b is ");
    for (i = 0; i < rowa; ++i) {
        for (j = 0; j < colb; ++j) {

            System.out.print(c[i][j]);
            System.out.print("\t");
        }
        System.out.println("\n");
    }
}
}

जावा। मैट्रिक्स गुणा।

विभिन्न आकार के matrices के साथ परीक्षण किया।

public class Matrix {

/**
 * Matrix multiplication method.
 * @param m1 Multiplicand
 * @param m2 Multiplier
 * @return Product
 */
    public static double[][] multiplyByMatrix(double[][] m1, double[][] m2) {
        int m1ColLength = m1[0].length; // m1 columns length
        int m2RowLength = m2.length;    // m2 rows length
        if(m1ColLength != m2RowLength) return null; // matrix multiplication is not possible
        int mRRowLength = m1.length;    // m result rows length
        int mRColLength = m2[0].length; // m result columns length
        double[][] mResult = new double[mRRowLength][mRColLength];
        for(int i = 0; i < mRRowLength; i++) {         // rows from m1
            for(int j = 0; j < mRColLength; j++) {     // columns from m2
                for(int k = 0; k < m1ColLength; k++) { // columns from m1
                    mResult[i][j] += m1[i][k] * m2[k][j];
                }
            }
        }
        return mResult;
    }

    public static String toString(double[][] m) {
        String result = "";
        for(int i = 0; i < m.length; i++) {
            for(int j = 0; j < m[i].length; j++) {
                result += String.format("%11.2f", m[i][j]);
            }
            result += "\n";
        }
        return result;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // #1
        double[][] multiplicand = new double[][] {
                {3, -1, 2},
                {2,  0, 1},
                {1,  2, 1}
        };
        double[][] multiplier = new double[][] {
                {2, -1, 1},
                {0, -2, 3},
                {3,  0, 1}
        };
        System.out.println("#1\n" + toString(multiplyByMatrix(multiplicand, multiplier)));
        // #2
        multiplicand = new double[][] {
                {1, 2, 0},
                {-1, 3, 1},
                {2, -2, 1}
        };
        multiplier = new double[][] {
                {2},
                {-1},
                {1}
        };
        System.out.println("#2\n" + toString(multiplyByMatrix(multiplicand, multiplier)));
        // #3
        multiplicand = new double[][] {
                {1, 2, -1},
                {0,  1, 0}
        };
        multiplier = new double[][] {
                {1, 1, 0, 0},
                {0, 2, 1, 1},
                {1, 1, 2, 2}
        };
        System.out.println("#3\n" + toString(multiplyByMatrix(multiplicand, multiplier)));
    }
}

आउटपुट:

#1
      12.00      -1.00       2.00
       7.00      -2.00       3.00
       5.00      -5.00       8.00

#2
       0.00
      -4.00
       7.00

#3
       0.00       4.00       0.00       0.00
       0.00       2.00       1.00       1.00




matrix-multiplication