python - none - pandas print truncated



Como faço para expandir a exibição de saída para ver mais colunas? (9)

Existe uma maneira de ampliar a exibição de saída no modo interativo ou de execução de script?

Especificamente, estou usando a função describe () em um dataframe Pandas. Quando o dataframe tem 5 colunas (rótulos) de largura, recebo as estatísticas descritivas que desejo. No entanto, se o dataframe tiver mais colunas, as estatísticas serão suprimidas e algo assim será retornado:

>> Index: 8 entries, count to max  
>> Data columns:  
>> x1          8  non-null values  
>> x2          8  non-null values  
>> x3          8  non-null values  
>> x4          8  non-null values  
>> x5          8  non-null values  
>> x6          8  non-null values  
>> x7          8  non-null values  

O valor "8" é dado se existem 6 ou 7 colunas. O que o "8" se refere?

Eu já tentei arrastar a janela IDLE maior, bem como aumentar as opções de largura "Configure IDLE", sem sucesso.

Meu propósito ao usar Pandas e describe () é evitar usar um segundo programa como o STATA para fazer manipulação e investigação básica de dados.

Python / IDLE 2.7.3
Pandas 0.8.1
Notepad ++ 6.1.4 (UNICODE)
Windows Vista SP2


Apenas usando estas 3 linhas funcionou para mim:

pd.set_option('display.max_columns', None)  
pd.set_option('display.expand_frame_repr', False)
pd.set_option('max_colwidth', -1)

Anaconda / Python 3.6.5 / pandas: 0.23.0 / código do Visual Studio 1.26


Como o @bmu mentioned , o pandas auto detecta (por padrão) o tamanho da área de exibição, uma visão resumida será usada quando um objeto repr não se encaixa no display. Você mencionou o redimensionamento da janela IDLE, sem efeito. Se você print df.describe().to_string() ele se encaixa na janela IDLE?

O tamanho do terminal é determinado por pandas.util.terminal.get_terminal_size() , isso retorna uma tupla contendo a (width, height) da exibição. A saída corresponde ao tamanho da sua janela IDLE? Pode haver um problema (havia um antes ao executar um terminal no emacs).

Observe que é possível ignorar a detecção automática, pandas.set_printoptions(max_rows=200, max_columns=10) nunca mudará para a visualização resumida se o número de linhas, colunas não exceder os limites fornecidos.

Atualização: Pandas 0.23.4 em diante

pandas.set_printoptions(...) está obsoleto. Em vez disso, use pandas.set_option . Gostar:

import pandas as pd
pd.set_option('display.max_rows', 500)
pd.set_option('display.max_columns', 500)
pd.set_option('display.width', 1000)

Aqui está a ajuda para set_option :

set_option(pat,value) - Sets the value of the specified option

Available options:
display.[chop_threshold, colheader_justify, column_space, date_dayfirst,
         date_yearfirst, encoding, expand_frame_repr, float_format, height,
         line_width, max_columns, max_colwidth, max_info_columns, max_info_rows,
         max_rows, max_seq_items, mpl_style, multi_sparse, notebook_repr_html,
         pprint_nest_depth, precision, width]
mode.[sim_interactive, use_inf_as_null]

Parameters
----------
pat - str/regexp which should match a single option.

Note: partial matches are supported for convenience, but unless you use the
full option name (e.g. x.y.z.option_name), your code may break in future
versions if new options with similar names are introduced.

value - new value of option.

Returns
-------
None

Raises
------
KeyError if no such option exists

display.chop_threshold: [default: None] [currently: None]
: float or None
        if set to a float value, all float values smaller then the given threshold
        will be displayed as exactly 0 by repr and friends.
display.colheader_justify: [default: right] [currently: right]
: 'left'/'right'
        Controls the justification of column headers. used by DataFrameFormatter.
display.column_space: [default: 12] [currently: 12]No description available.

display.date_dayfirst: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        When True, prints and parses dates with the day first, eg 20/01/2005
display.date_yearfirst: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        When True, prints and parses dates with the year first, eg 2005/01/20
display.encoding: [default: UTF-8] [currently: UTF-8]
: str/unicode
        Defaults to the detected encoding of the console.
        Specifies the encoding to be used for strings returned by to_string,
        these are generally strings meant to be displayed on the console.
display.expand_frame_repr: [default: True] [currently: True]
: boolean
        Whether to print out the full DataFrame repr for wide DataFrames
        across multiple lines, `max_columns` is still respected, but the output will
        wrap-around across multiple "pages" if it's width exceeds `display.width`.
display.float_format: [default: None] [currently: None]
: callable
        The callable should accept a floating point number and return
        a string with the desired format of the number. This is used
        in some places like SeriesFormatter.
        See core.format.EngFormatter for an example.
display.height: [default: 60] [currently: 1000]
: int
        Deprecated.
        (Deprecated, use `display.height` instead.)

display.line_width: [default: 80] [currently: 1000]
: int
        Deprecated.
        (Deprecated, use `display.width` instead.)

display.max_columns: [default: 20] [currently: 500]
: int
        max_rows and max_columns are used in __repr__() methods to decide if
        to_string() or info() is used to render an object to a string.  In case
        python/IPython is running in a terminal this can be set to 0 and pandas
        will correctly auto-detect the width the terminal and swap to a smaller
        format in case all columns would not fit vertically. The IPython notebook,
        IPython qtconsole, or IDLE do not run in a terminal and hence it is not
        possible to do correct auto-detection.
        'None' value means unlimited.
display.max_colwidth: [default: 50] [currently: 50]
: int
        The maximum width in characters of a column in the repr of
        a pandas data structure. When the column overflows, a "..."
        placeholder is embedded in the output.
display.max_info_columns: [default: 100] [currently: 100]
: int
        max_info_columns is used in DataFrame.info method to decide if
        per column information will be printed.
display.max_info_rows: [default: 1690785] [currently: 1690785]
: int or None
        max_info_rows is the maximum number of rows for which a frame will
        perform a null check on its columns when repr'ing To a console.
        The default is 1,000,000 rows. So, if a DataFrame has more
        1,000,000 rows there will be no null check performed on the
        columns and thus the representation will take much less time to
        display in an interactive session. A value of None means always
        perform a null check when repr'ing.
display.max_rows: [default: 60] [currently: 500]
: int
        This sets the maximum number of rows pandas should output when printing
        out various output. For example, this value determines whether the repr()
        for a dataframe prints out fully or just a summary repr.
        'None' value means unlimited.
display.max_seq_items: [default: None] [currently: None]
: int or None

        when pretty-printing a long sequence, no more then `max_seq_items`
        will be printed. If items are ommitted, they will be denoted by the addition
        of "..." to the resulting string.

        If set to None, the number of items to be printed is unlimited.
display.mpl_style: [default: None] [currently: None]
: bool

        Setting this to 'default' will modify the rcParams used by matplotlib
        to give plots a more pleasing visual style by default.
        Setting this to None/False restores the values to their initial value.
display.multi_sparse: [default: True] [currently: True]
: boolean
        "sparsify" MultiIndex display (don't display repeated
        elements in outer levels within groups)
display.notebook_repr_html: [default: True] [currently: True]
: boolean
        When True, IPython notebook will use html representation for
        pandas objects (if it is available).
display.pprint_nest_depth: [default: 3] [currently: 3]
: int
        Controls the number of nested levels to process when pretty-printing
display.precision: [default: 7] [currently: 7]
: int
        Floating point output precision (number of significant digits). This is
        only a suggestion
display.width: [default: 80] [currently: 1000]
: int
        Width of the display in characters. In case python/IPython is running in
        a terminal this can be set to None and pandas will correctly auto-detect the
        width.
        Note that the IPython notebook, IPython qtconsole, or IDLE do not run in a
        terminal and hence it is not possible to correctly detect the width.
mode.sim_interactive: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        Whether to simulate interactive mode for purposes of testing
mode.use_inf_as_null: [default: False] [currently: False]
: boolean
        True means treat None, NaN, INF, -INF as null (old way),
        False means None and NaN are null, but INF, -INF are not null
        (new way).
Call def:   pd.set_option(self, *args, **kwds)

Defina a largura máxima da coluna usando:

pd.set_option('max_colwidth', 800)

Essa instrução específica define a largura máxima para 800 px, por coluna.


Eu usei essas configurações quando a escala de dados é alta.

# environment settings: 
pd.set_option('display.max_column',None)
pd.set_option('display.max_rows',None)
pd.set_option('display.max_seq_items',None)
pd.set_option('display.max_colwidth', 500)
pd.set_option('expand_frame_repr', True)

Você pode consultar a documentação http://pandas.pydata.org/pandas-docs/stable/generated/pandas.set_option.html


Se você não quiser mexer nas suas opções de exibição e quiser apenas ver essa lista específica de colunas sem expandir cada dataframe visualizado, tente:

df.columns.values


Se você quiser definir opções temporariamente para exibir um grande DataFrame, você pode usar o option_context :

with pd.option_context('display.max_rows', -1, 'display.max_columns', 5):
    print df

Os valores das opções são restaurados automaticamente quando você sai do bloco.


Você pode ajustar as opções de impressão do pandas com set_printoptions .

In [3]: df.describe()
Out[3]: 
<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
Index: 8 entries, count to max
Data columns:
x1    8  non-null values
x2    8  non-null values
x3    8  non-null values
x4    8  non-null values
x5    8  non-null values
x6    8  non-null values
x7    8  non-null values
dtypes: float64(7)

In [4]: pd.set_printoptions(precision=2)

In [5]: df.describe()
Out[5]: 
            x1       x2       x3       x4       x5       x6       x7
count      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0
mean   69024.5  69025.5  69026.5  69027.5  69028.5  69029.5  69030.5
std       17.1     17.1     17.1     17.1     17.1     17.1     17.1
min    69000.0  69001.0  69002.0  69003.0  69004.0  69005.0  69006.0
25%    69012.2  69013.2  69014.2  69015.2  69016.2  69017.2  69018.2
50%    69024.5  69025.5  69026.5  69027.5  69028.5  69029.5  69030.5
75%    69036.8  69037.8  69038.8  69039.8  69040.8  69041.8  69042.8
max    69049.0  69050.0  69051.0  69052.0  69053.0  69054.0  69055.0

No entanto, isso não funcionará em todos os casos, já que o pandas detecta a largura do seu console e só usará to_string se a saída couber no console (veja o docstring de set_printoptions ). Neste caso, você pode explicitamente chamar to_string como respondido pelo BrenBarn .

Atualizar

Com a versão 0.10, os dataframes são impressos e changed :

In [3]: df.describe()
Out[3]: 
                 x1            x2            x3            x4            x5  \
count      8.000000      8.000000      8.000000      8.000000      8.000000   
mean   59832.361578  27356.711336  49317.281222  51214.837838  51254.839690   
std    22600.723536  26867.192716  28071.737509  21012.422793  33831.515761   
min    31906.695474   1648.359160     56.378115  16278.322271     43.745574   
25%    45264.625201  12799.540572  41429.628749  40374.273582  29789.643875   
50%    56340.214856  18666.456293  51995.661512  54894.562656  47667.684422   
75%    75587.003417  31375.610322  61069.190523  67811.893435  76014.884048   
max    98136.474782  84544.484627  91743.983895  75154.587156  99012.695717   

                 x6            x7  
count      8.000000      8.000000  
mean   41863.000717  33950.235126  
std    38709.468281  29075.745673  
min     3590.990740   1833.464154  
25%    15145.759625   6879.523949  
50%    22139.243042  33706.029946  
75%    72038.983496  51449.893980  
max    98601.190488  83309.051963  

Ainda mais a API para definir as opções de pandas mudou:

In [4]: pd.set_option('display.precision', 2)

In [5]: df.describe()
Out[5]: 
            x1       x2       x3       x4       x5       x6       x7
count      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0      8.0
mean   59832.4  27356.7  49317.3  51214.8  51254.8  41863.0  33950.2
std    22600.7  26867.2  28071.7  21012.4  33831.5  38709.5  29075.7
min    31906.7   1648.4     56.4  16278.3     43.7   3591.0   1833.5
25%    45264.6  12799.5  41429.6  40374.3  29789.6  15145.8   6879.5
50%    56340.2  18666.5  51995.7  54894.6  47667.7  22139.2  33706.0
75%    75587.0  31375.6  61069.2  67811.9  76014.9  72039.0  51449.9
max    98136.5  84544.5  91744.0  75154.6  99012.7  98601.2  83309.1

Você pode definir a exibição de saída para corresponder à sua largura atual do terminal:

pd.set_option('display.width', pd.util.terminal.get_terminal_size()[0])

import pandas as pd
pd.set_option('display.max_columns', 100)
pd.set_option('display.width', 1000)

SentenceA = "William likes Piano and Piano likes William"
SentenceB = "Sara likes Guitar"
SentenceC = "Mamoosh likes Piano"
SentenceD = "William is a CS Student"
SentenceE = "Sara is kind"
SentenceF = "Mamoosh is kind"


bowA = SentenceA.split(" ")
bowB = SentenceB.split(" ")
bowC = SentenceC.split(" ")
bowD = SentenceD.split(" ")
bowE = SentenceE.split(" ")
bowF = SentenceF.split(" ")

# Creating a set consisted of all words

wordSet = set(bowA).union(set(bowB)).union(set(bowC)).union(set(bowD)).union(set(bowE)).union(set(bowF))
print("Set of all words is: ", wordSet)

# Initiating dictionary with 0 value for all BOWs

wordDictA = dict.fromkeys(wordSet, 0)
wordDictB = dict.fromkeys(wordSet, 0)
wordDictC = dict.fromkeys(wordSet, 0)
wordDictD = dict.fromkeys(wordSet, 0)
wordDictE = dict.fromkeys(wordSet, 0)
wordDictF = dict.fromkeys(wordSet, 0)

for word in bowA:
    wordDictA[word] += 1
for word in bowB:
    wordDictB[word] += 1
for word in bowC:
    wordDictC[word] += 1
for word in bowD:
    wordDictD[word] += 1
for word in bowE:
    wordDictE[word] += 1
for word in bowF:
    wordDictF[word] += 1

# Printing Term frequency

print("SentenceA TF: ", wordDictA)
print("SentenceB TF: ", wordDictB)
print("SentenceC TF: ", wordDictC)
print("SentenceD TF: ", wordDictD)
print("SentenceE TF: ", wordDictE)
print("SentenceF TF: ", wordDictF)

print(pd.DataFrame([wordDictA, wordDictB, wordDictB, wordDictC, wordDictD, wordDictE, wordDictF]))

Saída:

   CS  Guitar  Mamoosh  Piano  Sara  Student  William  a  and  is  kind  likes
0   0       0        0      2     0        0        2  0    1   0     0      2
1   0       1        0      0     1        0        0  0    0   0     0      1
2   0       1        0      0     1        0        0  0    0   0     0      1
3   0       0        1      1     0        0        0  0    0   0     0      1
4   1       0        0      0     0        1        1  1    0   1     0      0
5   0       0        0      0     1        0        0  0    0   1     1      0
6   0       0        1      0     0        0        0  0    0   1     1      0




column-width